There are a lot of reasons to treat cow as a mother in Hinduism. Sacred texts of Hinduism told cow as Gomata (Cow mother). However, I am not going to say what sastras say about a cow. I am writing some logical reasons to respect cow in Hindu society.

People in the Vedic period were primarily pastoral. They relied on the cows for milk and dung. Cow dung is one of the main fuels in rural India and also served as a fertilizer. Cow dung and cow urine is also thought to be a disinfectant among ancient Indians and used to clean up home. Thus, cow provided the food, fuel, disinfectant, and fertilizer for the Vedic people.

Hindu scriptures have always considered milk as among the highest forms of food - Satvic. Cow's milk is believed to have a great calming effect and improves meditation.

A product of cow's milk - ghee (clarified butter) - is used for Yajna (fire worship). Fire worship is the highest form prayer for Hindus. This adds religious significance to cow's products.

Despite its big size, a cow is a calm animal and non-threatening - you could see cows quietly roaming Indian roads. Hindus have always appreciated the tolerance, patience, and calmness of the cow. Thus, cows stood for the goodness of Hindu religion and considered a representative of Dharma. Also, a cow's affection to its calf is a beautiful thing and Vedas greatly appreciated this bonding.

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