Shakti
The universe that we see and experience is a bundle of energy, both packed and unpacked. This is the discovery of modem science, which incidentally, has demolished the distinction between matter and energy.

According to it, there is one basic energy behind all forms of matter and energy. However, it seems to be still far off from discovering the relationship between matter on the one hand, and, mind and life on the other. Are they also, though apparently poles apart, manifestations of the same basic energy? Could it be that the same energy or matter, at one level of vibration is called 'matter', at another, 'mind' and yet another, 'life'? Modem science or the modem scientists, devoting most of their attention to the manifest material universe may not even be prepared to concede this possibility! Hindu philosophy, based on the Vedanta and a group of works based on the Vedanta and more commonly known as the Tantras postulates exactly this! The source and sustenance of all creation, whether at the level of matter or life or mind, is one and one only.

It is Sakti (energy). Brahman (the Absolute) of the Vedanta and Sakti or DeVI of the Tantras are identical. When that 'energy' is in a static condition, with neither evolution nor involution, when the universe to be created is not even in a seed-form as it were, it is called Brahman. When it starts evolving into this creation, sustains it and withdraws it back into itself, it is called Sakti. If Brahman is the coiled serpent in sleep, Sakti is the same serpent in motion. If Brahman is likened to the word, Sakti is its meaning. If Brahman is like fire, Sakti is its burning power. The two are inseparable: one in two and two mone.

In the Hindu mythological literature, as also in the Tantras, this energy is always pictured as a female deity, the Devi, as the consort of its counterpart male deity. Each member of the Trinity has his Sakti or Devi as his consort: Sarasvati of Brahma, Laksml of Visnu and Parvatl of Siva. However, the mother-cult that has evolved over the last few centuries, is predominantly centered around Parvatl, the consort of Siva.
  • Mother-worship and mother-cult are not alien to the Vedic religion as some suggest. The concept of Aditi, the mother of gods, a personification of nature and the Ambhrnisukta as also the Ratrisukta of the Rgveda clearly contain the origins of mother-worship.
  • Shakti is the divine force, manifesting to destroy demonic forces and restore balance. Every God in Hinduism has his Shakti and without that energy, they have no power.
  • Shakti is also called Devi or mahadevi, assuming different roles as Sati, Parvati,Durga, Kali So 
  • Shakti is the mother goddess, the source of all, the universal principle of energy, power or creativity. The worship of Shakti as this energy is the main objective of Shakti is inseparable from the one who beholds her, the Shakti-man, the masculine principle or Universal father. Shakti-man is called Brahman by the writers of the Upanishads. In the Tantric tradition, he is called Shiva.
  • Shakti is inseparable from the one who beholds her, the Shakti-man, the masculine principle or Universal father. Shakti-man is called Brahman by the writers of the Upanishads. In the Tantric tradition, he is called Shiva.
The motivating force behind this eternal play that creates the illusionary world of phenomena is the power of desire. This desire is present in the one who is without attributes, the nameless and formless aspect of the divine.

+Prof: Koti Madhav Balu Chowdary

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