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Friday, June 01, 2018

Brahman and Interpretations of the Vedas

Brahman and Interpretations of the Vedas
Vedas in its pure form though can be understood by the Rishis (who had that acquired intellect), such rishis authored Brahmans which can be stated to be the first interpretations of the Vedas. Some scholars have mistaken Brahmanas to be a part of the original Vedas. Brihal Parashar Smriti defines thus "A Brahman is a book which tells the meaning of Vedic Mantras and its use". Similarly in Vaishaishik Darshan, Maharshi Kannaaad says "Brahmanas defines words of the Vedas and its meanings.
In ancient times there where many Brahmanas, but currently only six are to be found:-
  1. Aitareya Brahman Granth based on Rig Veda authored by Rishi Aitareya Mahidaas.
  2. Shankhyayan Brahman Granth based on Rig Veda
  3. Kaushtiki Brahman based on Rig Veda
  4. Shatapath Brahman Granth based on Yajurveda
  5. Maha-Tandya Brahman Granth based on Sam Veda
  6. Gopath Brahman Granth based on Atharva Veda
The following titles are notable on the Brahman Granths:- 

 Sr No Title Author Publisher, Place Language
 1A Comprehensive History of Vedic Literature (Brahmana and Aranyaka Works) Shri Satya ShravaMotilal Banarasidas English
 2SHATHPATHA BRAHMANA (two vols) Swami Samarpananand Govindram Hasanand, Delhi Hindi
 3THE CRITICAL & CULTURAL STUDY OF SATAPATHA BRAHMANA  Svami Satya Prakash Sarasvati  Govindram Hasanand, Delhi English
 4SHATHPATH BRAHMAN (COMPLETE IN 3 VOLS)  Pt. Ganga Upadhyaya Govindram Hasanand, Delhi Hindi
 5GOPATH BRAHMAN Pt. Kemkaran Govindram Hasanand Hindi
 6 Sankhayana Srauta Sutra W. Caland (F/C) Motilal Banarsidas English



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