The Associates of Radha Devi

Srimati Radharani is fifteen years old and full of the luster of youth.
Yasoda-devi, the queen of the cowherds, is more affectionate to Radharani than millions of mothers can be.  Radharani's father is King Vrsabhanu, who is as splendid as the sun.

Srimati Radharani's mother is Kirtida-devi, who is also known in this world as Ratnagarbha-devi.  Radharani's paternal grandfather is Mahibhanu and Her maternal grandfather is Indu.

Her maternal grandmother is Mukhara-devi and Her paternal grandmother is Sukhada-devi.  Her father's brothers (Her uncles) are Ratnabhanu, Subhanu and Bhanu.

Bhadrakirti, Mahakirti and Kirticandra are Radharani's materal uncles. Menaka-devi, Sasthi-devi, Gauri-devi, Dhatri-devi and Dhataki-devi are Radharani's materal aunts.

Radharani's mother's sister is Kirtimati-devi, whose husband is Kasa. Radharani's father's sister is Bhanumudra-devi, whose husband is Kusa.

Radharani's elder brother is Sridama and Her younger sister is Ananga-manjari. Radharani's father-in-law is Vrikagopa and Her brother-in-law is Durmada.

Jatila-devi is Radharani's mother-in-law and Abhimanyu is Radharani's so-called husband.  Kutila-devi, who is always eager to find fault, is Radharani's sister-in-law.

Lalita, Visakha, Sucitra, Campakalata, Ranga-devi, Sudevi, Tungavidya and Indulekha are the eight dearest friends of Srimati Radharani.  These gopis are considered the leaders of all the others.

Kurangaksi, Mandali, Mankiundala, Matali, Candralalita, Madhavi, Madanalasa, Manjumedha, Sasikala, Sumadhya, Madhureksana, Kamala, Kamalatika, Gunacuda, Varangada, Madhuri, Candrika, Prema-manjari, Tanumadhyama, Kandarpa-sundari and Manjukesi are among the millions of dear friends (priya-sakhi) of Srimati Radharani.

Lasika, Kelikandali, Kadambari, Sasimukhi, Candrarekha, Priyamvada, Madonmada, Madhumati, Vasanti, Kalabhasini, Ratnavali, Manimati and Karpuralatika are among those friends (jivita-sakhi) for whom Srimati Radharani is as dear as life.

Kasturi, Manojna, Manimanjari, Sindura, Candanavati, Kaumudi and Madira are among Sriamti Radharani's eternal friends (nitya-sakhi).

Srimati Radharani's Manjari Friends.

Ananga-manjari, Rupa-manjari, Rati-manjari, Lavanga-manjari, Raga-manjari, Rasa-manjari, Vilasa-manjari, Prema-manjari, Mani-manjari, Suvarna-manjari, Kama-manjari, Ratna-manjari, Kasturi-manjari, Gandha-manjari, Netra-manjari, Sripadma-manjari, Lila-manjari and Hema-manjari are among Srimati Radharani's manjari friends.  Prema-manjari and Rati-manjari are both also known by the name Bhanumati-devi.

The Objects of Srimati Radharani's Worship
Srimati Radharani's worshipable deity is the sun-god, who enlivens the lotus flowers and acts as an eye for the entire world.  Srimati Radharani's maha-mantra is the name of Lord Krishna.  Srimati Radharani's benefactor, who brings Her all good fortune, is Bhagavati Paurnamasi.

Specific Description of Various Gopis
Lalita-devi and the other eight principal gopis, the other gopis and the manjari have forms that are for the
most part like the transcendental form of Srimati Radharani, the queen of Vrindavan.

Vrinda-devi, Kundalat-devi and their followaers assist the divine couple in Their pastimes in the various forests of Vrindavan.  Dhanistha-devi, Gunamala-devi and their followers remain in the home of Nanda Maharaja, the cowherd king and assist the Lord's pastimes from there.

Kamada-devi is the daughter of Srimati Radharani's nurse.  Kamada is an especially close friend of Radharani.  Ragalekha-devi, Kalakeli-devi and Manjula-devi are some of Radharani's maidservants.

Nandimukhi-devi and Bindumati-devi are the leaders of those gopis who arrange the rendezvous of Radha and Krishna.  Syamala-devi and Mangala-devi are the leaders of those gopis who act as well-wishers of Srimati Radharani.

Candravali-devi is the leader of those gopis who are Srimati Radharani's rivals.

The talented musicians Rasollasa-devi, Gunatunga-devi,Kalakanthi-devi, Sukhanti-devi, and Pikakanti-devi delight Lord Hari by singing Visakha's musical compositions.

Maniki-devi, Narmada-devi, and Kusumapesala-devi serve the divine couple by playing drums, cymbals, string instruments like the vina, and wind instruments like the flute.

In this way we have described some of the sakhis (gopi friends), nitya-sakhis (eternal gopi friends), prana-sakhis (gopi friends who are as dear as life), priya-sakhis (dear gopi friends) and parama-prestha-sakhis (dearest gopi friends)

Srimati Radharani's Maidservants
Ragalekha-devi, Kalakeli-devi and Bhurida-devi are the leaders for those gopis who are Srimati Radharani's maidservants.  Among these maidservants are Sugandha-devi and Nalini-devi (the two daughters of Divakirti-devi) and Manjistha-devi and Rangaraga-devi (the two daughters of Nanda Maharaja's laundry washers).

Palindri-devi serves Srimati Radharani by dressing and decorating Her.  Chitrini decorates Radharani with various cosmetics.  Mantriki-devi and Tantriki-devi are astrologers who reveal the future to Srimati Radharani.

Katyayani-devi is the leader of those gopi messengers who are older than Srimati Radharani.  Bhagyavati-devi and Punyapunja-devi, the two daughters of Maharaja Nanda's sweeper, are also the maidservants of Srimati Radharani.

Tunga-devi, Malli-devi and Matalli-devi are the leaders of those girls descended from the uncivilized mountain tribe known as the Pulindas.  In Vrindavan some of the Pulinda girls act as the friends of Srimati Radharani and some are the friends of Sri Krishna.

Also included among Srimati Radharani's servants are Gargi-devi and other very respectable brahmana girls, Bhringarika-devi and other girls from the cheti community, Vijaya-devi, Rasala-devi, Payoda-devi and other girls from the vita community, as well as the boys Subala, Ujjvala, Gandharva, Madhumangala and Raktaka.

Tunga-devi, Pisangi-devi and Kalakandala-devi always remain near Srimati Radharani to serve Her.  Manjual-devi, Bindula-devi, Sandha-devi, Mrdula-devi and others, although very young still engage in Radharani's service.

Sunada, Yamuna and Bahula are the most important of Srimati Radharani's pet surabhi cows.  Tungi is Her chubby pet calf, Kakkhati is Her old pet monkey, Rangini is Her pet doe and Charuchandrika is Her pet chakori bird.

Tundikeri is the name of Radharani's pet swan, who is fond of swimming in Radha-kunda.  Madhuri is Radharani's pet elephant and Suksmadhi and Subha are Her two pet parrots.

The two parrots perfectly imitate Lalita-devi's playful jokes spoken to her master and mistress (Sri Sri Radha-Krishna).  By this wonderful repetition the parrots astonish the gopis.

Srimati Radharani's Ornaments
Srimati Radharani's tilaka marking is named Smarayantra.  Her jeweled necklace is named Harimohana, Her jeweled earrings are named Rocana and the pearl decorating Her nose is named Prabhakari.

Her locket which contains a picture of Lord Krishna, is named Madana.  Her Syamantaka jewel is also known as Sankhacuda-siromani (Sankhacuda's crest-jewel).

The auspicious jewel She wears around Her neck is called Puspavan because it eclipses the simultaneous rising of the sun and moon (puspavan) with its splendor.  Her anklets are called Chatakarava because their tinkling sounds resemble the warbling of chataka birds.  Her bracelets are called Manikarvura.

Srimati Radharani's signet ring is named Vipaksamardini.  Her sash is named Kancanacitrangi and Her ankle-bells, which stun Lord Krishna with their tinkling sounds, are named Ratnagopura.

Srimati Radharani's garments are named Meghambara.  Her choli is red like a ruby and it is the favorite of Lord Hari.  Radharani's ghaghra is the color of a blue cloud and it is Her own favorite.

Srimati Radhrani's jeweled mirror is named Sudhamsudarpaharana, which means "that which removes (harana) the moon's (sudhamsu) pride (darpa)."

Her golden stick for applying mascara is named Narmada, Her jeweled comb is named Svastida and Her private flower garden is named Kandarpakuhali.

In Radharani's garden is a vine of golden jasmine flowers that She has named Tadidvalli ("the vine of lightning").  Her private lake bears Her own name (Radha-kunda) and on the shore of that lake is a kadamba tree that is the site of very confidential talks between Her and Lord Krishna.

Her favorite ragas are mallara and dhanasri and Her favorite dances are chalikya and rudravallaki.

Srimati Radharani's glorious birth occured on the eighth day of the bright moon in the month of Bhadra.  Although generally not full on that day, the moon appeared full to celebrate Radharani's appearance in this world.

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