Why do we do Pradakshina (circumambulation)? - Significance and Brief description about Pradakshina

When we visit a temple. after offering prayers, we circumambulate the santum sanctorum. This is called pradakshina

We cannot draw a circle without a centre point. The Lord is the centre, source and essence of our lives. Recognising Him as the focal point in out lives, we go about doing our daily chores. This is the significance of pradakshina

Also every point on the circumference of a circle is equidistant from the centre. This means that whereever or whoever we may be, we are equally close to the Lord. His grace flows towards us without partiality.

The pradakshina is always down only in clockwise manner because, as we do pradakshina the Lord is always on our right. In Hinduism, the right side symbolises auspiciousness. It is a telling fact that even in the English language it is called the "right" side and not the worng one! So as we circumambulate the sanctum sanctorum we remind ourselves to lead an auspicious life of righteousness, with the Lord to lead an auspicious life of righteousness, with the Lord who is the indispensable source of help and strength, as our guide - the "right hand" - the dharma aspect of our lives. We thereby overcome our wrong tendencies and avoid repeating the sins of the past.

Indian scriptures enjoin - matrudevo bhava, pitrudevo bhava, acharyadevo bhava. Meaning : May you consider your parents and teachers as you would the Lord. With this in mind we also do pradakshinaaround our parents and divine personages. The story of Lord Ganesh circumambulating his parents is a well known one.

After the completion of traditional worship (pooja), we customarily do pradakshina around ourselves. In this way we recognise and remember the supreme divinity within us, which alone is idolised in the form of the Lord that we worship outside.

Significance of '' Pradkshin '' in the temple:

The Hindu parents want to make it habit to visiting the Temple regularly with their Family and children. But, there are certain Ethics that should be followed while visiting the temple. One such Ethic is to take a “Parikrama” “Pradkshina” or Circumambulating around the temple. Parikrama means “to take the path surrounding something”. Most Hindu temple have a various Pradaksina paths . According to scriptures, one who compltes the “Pradkshina” around the temple he get the blessings of God with “Akshay Punya”

Why “Pradkshina” is important?
Once the Puja or Aarti is completed, the temple premises is filled with positive energy of
that concerned God Pradakhina in Templesor Dity. The devotees will also Experience or Feel the Presence of that Devine during this period. The idol of the God or Goddess is also situated in the middle of the temple and it is believed that there is maximum roaming of positive energy sorrunding the Idol or around that area.  The devotees absorb this positive energy while circumambulating around that idol in the Temple Premises. Hence, it is important to circumambulate or take a “Parikrama” after the aarti. “Pradkshina” is always to be done with a meditative mood.

Shiva temple , Speciality of Pradakshina

Speciality of Pradakshina in siva temple
In Lord Shiva or Mahadeva Temples, the devotees start the Pradakshina from the front and go clockwise till they reach the gomukhi (the outlet for abhisheka water) from the Sanctum Sanctorum. 

The outlet for the ritual ablution offered on the Shiva Linga with water, milk, curd, coconut water, ghee, ashes (bhasma)etc. is not to be crossed. So the worshippers have to return in anti-clockwise direction till they reach the other side of the outlet or Gomukhi to complete the circle. During this anti-clockwise perambulation, the devotee should tread a path inside of the Bali stones. One should remember this Bali stones is to be kept in the right side of the devotees. After reaching the Gomukhi oulet, they have to return to the front in the clockwise direction keeping the path outside the Bali stones. Thus one “Pradakshina” is completed.



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