GODDESS PARVATHI - Brief description about the goddess of power


Goddess Parvati is the embodiment of Sakthi and is the wife of Lord Shiva and mother of Lord Kartikeya and Lord Ganesha. She has 108 names and each one of them has a special meaning and significance. Devotees who chant these names will be blessed for their devotion. As all the other Goddesses are reincarnations of Goddess Parvati she is often referred to as the Divine Mother.
The legend of Goddess Parvati is closely related to Lord Shiva. She was born as a reincarnation of Sati so that she could marry Lord Shiva. Their union was supposed to create a son who would defeat the evil demons and restore order in the heavens.
Lord Shiva had retreated to a cave after the death of Sati for meditation. Goddess Shakti was born as a incarnation of Goddess Parvati to help the Gods defeat the demons. It was after a lot of penance that she won the love of Lord Shiva and married him.
There are ten aspects of Goddess Parvati and these are known to be a representation of her power and knowledge. All these ten aspects are jointly known as Dasamahavidyas and each one of them is a form that she undertook to destroy evil and bless her worshippers.
  • Kali is the first representation of Goddess Parvati and she was known as the destroyer. She is also known as the Goddess of time.
  • Tara is known as the source from which the universe evolves as she is known to represent the power of the golden embryo. Boundless space or void is the other thing that she is known to represent.
  • Sodasi is the third representation of Goddess Parvati and is known to represent perfection and fullness. The literal meaning of the term “Sodasi” is one who is sixteen years of age.
  • The forces of the material world are represented by Vidya Bhuvanevari
  • Desires and temptations that often lead to destruction and death are represented by the fifth form of Goddess Parvati known as Bhairavi.
  • Vidya Chinnamasta is the sixth form of Goddess Parvati and is known to represent the created world in a continuous cycle of creation and destruction. She is often shown as holding her own severed head and drinking blood from it.
  • Destroying the world by fire is the seventh form of Goddess Parvati and is known as Dhumavati. After the world is destroyed by fire only the smoke and ashes will remain
  • Vidya Bagala is the eight form of the Goddess and is known to represent cruelty, hatred and jealousy. These are the negative aspects of any individual.
  • The power of domination is represented by the ninth form of Goddess Parvati and is known as Matangi.
  • Vidya Kamala is also known as Goddess Lakshmi and she is said to be the Goddess of fortune.
All the ten forms of Goddess Parvati are known to represent the loving and aggressive nature of the Goddess. She is also known as the Goddess of power. Lord Kartikeya and Lord Ganesha were the two sons of the Goddess and have been bestowed with a lot of power.
The appearance of Goddess Parvati will vary depending on whether she is depicted alone or with Lord Shiva. When she is depicted along with Lord Shiva she has two hands with a blue lotus in her right hand and the left hand by her side.
When she is depicted alone she has four hands with the lotus in two of the hands and the other two hands in a mudra. Goddess Parvati is known to represent family, marriage and motherhood and is worshipped and revered all over the world.

Goddess Parvati name means mountain as the Sanskrit word for “Parvati” is “parvat”. She is the consort of Lord Shiva and mother to Lord Kartikeya and Lord Ganesha. She is the reincarnation of Sati who was the first wife of Lord Shiva. There is quite an interesting story regarding the birth and marriage of Goddess Parvati.

> Lord Shiva was married to Sati who was the daughter of Daksha. The aesthetic lifestyle of Lord Shiva was disliked by Daksha and he firmly disapproved of the marriage of his daughter to him. This anger manifested itself when he conducted a very big yagna or religious sacrifice where he invited all the Gods but purposefully forgot to call his daughter or her husband.

> Knowing about this Lord Shiva asked his wife Sati not to go to the yagna but she uninvited only to be insulted and ridiculed there. Unable to stand the insult meted out to her husband she jumped into the fire of the yagna and died. Lord Shiva was livid with rage and destroyed and killed everything in his path including Daksha.

> Lord Vishnu used his discus to cut the dead body of Sati into several pieces and this helped calm the anger of Lord Shiva. However he was greatly disturbed by the death of his wife and retreated into a cave to meditate.

> It was during this time that the demons drove out the Gods from the heavens and the only option available to them was to seek the help of Lord Shiva. As he was not available they approached Mother Sakthi who informed them that Sati will be born as Goddess Parvati and the son from the union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati will be able to destroy the demons.

> As promised to the Gods Sati was reborn as Goddess Parvati. Even as a young girl she
was in love with Lord Shiva and wanted to marry him. In an effort to win his love and affection she decided to visit the cave where he was meditating and started cleaning and decorating it. However he remained unmoved by her love and dedication.

> She also tried bringing fruits for him but he remained steadfast in his meditation. There are stories that indicate that Goddess Parvati was shunned by him due to her dark skin. In a final attempt to win his love and affection, she decided to do penance in the forest.

> She did the toughest of penance with no food and clothes to shelter her. She continued her penance in rain and sun and her determination finally moved Lord Brahma who promised to grant her a wish. She wished to become extremely beautiful so that Lord Shiva would love her. Lord Brahma granted her wish and she was blessed with immense beauty.

> She walked inside the cave radiating feminine beauty and grace and Lord Shiva was enchanted with her. He fell in love with her and they got married. Lord Kartikeya was born out of their union and went on to destroy the demons as promised to the Gods.

> Lord Ganesha was created by Goddess Parvati and asked to safeguard the entrance of her abode. When Lord Shiva returned after fighting a battle with the asuras he was not allowed to enter as Lord Ganesha was not aware about him. In a fit of anger, Lord Shiva severed the head of Lord Ganesha and this greatly saddened Goddess Parvati. In a bid to pacify her he ordered his men to bring the head of the first living being that come across. They got the head of the elephant and thus was created Lord Ganesha.

> Along with sons Lord Ganesha and Lord Kartikeya and husband Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati is the perfect embodiment of a happy family.

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