Bhajan means adoration and refers to devotional hymns, usually sung in small groups or by the entire congregation. Kirtan means glorification and more spec
Bhajan means adoration and refers to devotional hymns, usually sung in small groups or by the entire congregation. Kirtan means glorification and more specifically indicates the repetition of mantras to the accompaniment of musical instruments. Bhajan and kirtan are particularly central to bhakti (devotional) movements and are often performed during the arti ceremony. Common instruments are drums, (such as tablas and mridangas), hand-cymbals and the harmonium (see also Music).
such as the Bhagavad-gita. This is delivered by a priest or guru and often followed by questions and answers or a general discussion. The speaker may sit on an elevated seat out of respect for the authority of scripture. Hearing about spiritual topics is said to divert the mind from the mundane, strengthen one's powers of discernment, and purify the heart.
6. Japa and Meditation
Hare Krishna mantra).This is generally performed on a mala, a string of 108 beads. The beads are usually made of Tulsi wood (for Vaishnavas) or Rudraksha beads (for Shaivites). Another popular form of meditation is the recitation of the Gayatri mantra, traditionally observed by Brahmanas at dawn, noon, and dusk. Japa and other forms of meditation are considered to purify the heart of selfish desires and to invoke love of God.
Prayer is also an important part of worship, and Hindus may either recite standard prayers, or simply express their heartfelt devotions. It is customary to offer words of glorification before asking for some boon or blessing.
constantly engaged not only in puja but many associated functions. Lay members also offer their services by helping in cleaning, cutting vegetables, etc. Many traditions consider service to holy people, even in apparently mundane matters, a means of winning the Lord's blessings. Service to holy places, through sweeping the land or serving pilgrims, is also considered meritorious.
Focuses of Worship
3 Main Focuses of Worship
Food and Prasada
Customs and Practices