Curry leaves are perhaps one of the highly popular herbs used in India since times immemorial. As the name suggests curry leaves are herbs which are added to curries, stews, soups, legumes.

Curry leaves are perhaps one of the highly popular herbs used in India since times immemorial. As the name suggests curry leaves are herbs which are added to curries, stews, soups, legumes.

Curry Leaves:
Curry Leaves
Kadi patta or curry leaves is a staple in Indian dishes . Commonly used as seasoning, this leaf adds a special flavour to every dish it is added to. But there is more to the humble curry leaf than simply flavour. Packed with carbohydrates, fiber, calcium, phosphorous, iron, magnesium, copper, minerals and vitamins like nicotinic acid and vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin E, antioxidants, plant sterols, amino acids, glycosides and flavonoids, curry leaves help your heart function better, fights infections and can enliven your hair and skin with vitality.
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Remedy for women problems:
Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting are common discomforts in first trimester of pregnancy. Curry leaves helps in relieving these discomforts. Curry leaves paste along with buttermilk is considered useful for pregnant women. Curry leaf tea or curry leaf juice while it is beneficial over nausea and morning sickness, is considered safe for mother and child. Curry leave powder is consumed after childbirth in some parts of India for boosting
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Increased energy:
                                     
                                         Lack of energy can be caused by an iron deficiency.
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Helps keep anaemia at bay:

                Kadi patta or curry leaves are a rich source of iron and folic acid. Interestingly,

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Protects your liver from damage:

If you are a heavy drinker, eat a lot of fish or indulge in other activities that could be damaging
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Fights diabetes:
Curry leaves are potent antidiabetic agents. They are believed to also have an adjuvant action on noninsulin dependant diabetics (people with type 2 diabetes). A study published in the Journal of Plant food for Nutrition, found that curry leaves have a great impact on the blood sugar levels of diabetics. They showed that not only does it help lower the blood sugar levels, but also kept in check for a few days after the
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Lowers cholesterol and protects:

                               Curry leaves have properties that can help in lowering one
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Strengthens the organs of your stomach:
In Ayurveda it is believed that kadi patta has mild laxative properties that not only help the stomach get rid of unwanted waste
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Helps with digestion;

Curry leaves are known to be carmative in nature and help greatly in digestion. Once ingested it helps the stomach digest food well and flush out the rest.
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Help relieve the symptoms of diarrhoea:
Curry leaves have mildly laxative properties, it is a great remedy for diarrhoea. This because kadi patta
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Reduce the side effects of chemotherapy:
Curry leaves have the amazing ability to protect the body from the ill effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It not only protects the chromosomes from damage but also protects the bone marrow
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Reduces congestion in the chest and nose:
If you suffer from a wet cough, sinusitis or chest congestion, kadi patta is a very effective home remedy to relieve the symptoms. Packed with vitamin C, A and compounds such as kaempferol that is a very potent anti inflammatory, anti bacterial, anti fungal, decongestant and antioxidative agent, curry leaves can help loosen up and release congested mucous.
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Treatment of indigestion and heartburn:
Dried curry leaves are also known to be very useful in the treatment of indigestion and heartburn. Home remedy treatment options suggest that you pour a small glass of cold water into a pot, add a few drops of honey or lime juice as well as ? a teaspoon of crushed curry leaves and consume the concoction when you start to experience the onset of any of the symptoms that are associated with heartburn or indigestion. Another widely appreciated health benefit of curry leaves is that it helps get rid of instances of nausea and subdue any urges that an individual has of vomiting.
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Uses:

The leaves are highly valued as seasoning in southern and westcoast Indian cooking, and Sri Lankan cooking ( ???????) , especially in curries, usually fried along with the chopped onion in the first stage of the preparation. They are also used to make thoran, vada, rasam and kadhi. In their fresh form, they have a short shelf life & do not keep well in the refrigerator. They are also available dried, though the aroma is largely inferior.
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Propagation:
Seeds must be ripe and fresh to plant; dried or shrivelled fruits are not viable. One can plant the whole fruit, but it is best to remove the pulp before planting in potting mix that is kept moist but not wet.
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Native Region:

Curry leaf tree is native to India.

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Healing Properties:

Curry leaf or Kari patta has antiinflammatory, anti oxidative, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, carminative, antihypercholesterolemic, and hypoglycemic properties. It works as a stimulant, relaxant and mild laxative. it helps reduce blood sugar and blood cholesterol. In addition, it has been observed that curry leaves help reduce the size of a tumor by fighting cancerous cells.
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Volatile oil:

The herb contains volatile oil and oleo resins. It is a good source of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, amino acids, plant sterols, etc. As curry leaf extract helps reduce oxidative stress on pancreatic cells by restricting the action of pancreatic alphaamylase enzyme, this herb is considered valuable in controlling diabetes.
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Get rid of constipation:

Dry a few curry leaves in shade for 45 days. Take one teaspoon of this dried curry leaf powder and mix a teaspoon of honey in it. Consume this home medicine for about two to three times in a day to get rid of constipation.
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Home remedy for diarrhea:

Drinking the juice of 1520 curry leaves mixed with a teaspoon of honey serves as an efficient curry leaf home remedy for diarrhea.
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Morning sickness:
In the morning, pregnant women suffering from morning sickness can take juice of 1520 curry leaves, mixed with one teaspoon of sugar and two teaspoons of lemon juice.

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Acne scars:
Using a paste prepared from juice of curry leaves and turmeric powder heals and fades acne scars. Leave the mixture on the affected areas for about 15 minutes and then wash it off.
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Insect bites:
Applying a mixture of pulp of berries from curry leaf tree and equal amount of lime juice is useful in healing insect bites.Applying a poultice of curry leaves on the affected area helps heal burns and bruises.
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Precautions:
Curry leaf benefits health in several ways and there are no known side effects of this herb. Curry leaf benefits the body by stimulating digestive enzymes, reducing body heat, relieving kidney pain, controlling Diabetes, making the eyes appear brighter, retaining the natural pigmentation of hair, and so on.
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Protects Against Alzheimers:
An abstract published in "Current Alzheimer Research" in December 2005 noted that studies suggest that curcumin is a promising agent in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. India has a low incidence of Alzheimer's disease, which may in part be related to the high intake of curry.
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Reduces Inflammation:
Turmeric, a major ingredient in curry powder, has played an important role in India's Ayurvedic medicine for centuries as a treatment for inflammatory conditions. Curcumin, a component derived from turmeric, has been described as a potent antiinflammatory agent.
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Improve cognitive functions:
Curry leaves also improve cognitive functions as well as they reverse amnesia induced by certain drugs, thus benefitting in dementia as well. They reduce serum urea and creatinine levels and regenerates kidney tissue.
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Fresh juice of Curry leaves:
Fresh juice of Curry leaves, with Lime juice and Sugar, is useful in treating Morning Sickness, Nausea and Vomiting due to indigestion and excessive use of fats. One or two teaspoons of juice of these leaves mixed with a teaspoon of lime juice can be taken in these conditions. For stomach upset the curry leaves are grounded to a fine paste and mixed with buttermilk.
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The root of the Curry plant:

The root of the Curry plant also has medicinal properties. Kidney pain can be cured by using the juice of the root. Curry leaves can be used with effective results to treat Burns, Bruises and Skin Eruptions. They should be applied as a poultice over the affected areas.
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Tender curry leaves:
Tender curry leaves are useful remedy for treating Diarrhoea, Dysentery and Piles. It should be taken and mixed with honey. The bark of the tree is also useful in Bilious Vomiting. A teaspoon of the powder of the dry bark should be given with cold water in this condition.
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Bone Health:
Curry powder and its turmeric content is also being studied in terms of osteoporosis and bone health. Although human testing is still in its early stages, significant amounts of animal testing have shown turmeric to greatly increase the speed of bone regrowth, connectivity, and repair, while reducing signs of bone loss by up to 50%. This could mean a very powerful boost to your bones, particularly as you age, in addition to a normal dietary regimen packed with essential vitamins and minerals.
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Curry powder:

Curry powder is made up of numerous ingredients, and depending on the region of the world, they can change slightly, which can also alter the specific health benefits that may be derived from the powder. The most common and advantageous ingredients of curry powder are turmeric, coriander, cardamom, cumin, sweet basil, and red pepper.
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Kadi Patta:
Commonly referred as kadi patta in Hindi, curry leaves are usually used to give a distinct aroma and flavor to Indian dishes, especially South Indian food.  It is a small tree or shrub that grows to about 6m high and can easily be grown in most parts of India in a small pot.
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Uses in Indian Cooking:
Curry leaves are usually used for flavoring curries, rasam, vegetable dishes, pickles, buttermilk, and chutneys. They are usually fried in clarified butter or vegetable oil along with chopped onion before adding the main ingredients. It can give a unique flavor and aroma to any dish.
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Natural antiseptic:
It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth of existing prostate  cancer.
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Treatment of Dementia:
Dementia is syndrome of declining brain functioning and is common disorder in elderly people.

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Prof: Koti Madhav Balu Chowdary

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