Lord Indra (Devendra) is the king of Gods and also the chief God of Rig Veda. Sage Kasyapa and Goddess Aditi are the parents of Lord Indra. He is the great grandson of Lord Brahma (the creator). Lord Indra is strongest among all beings and greatest of all warriors who provide protect to Gods and mankind against the evil forces.

Lord Indra 
Lord Indra (Devendra) is the king of Gods and also the chief God of Rig Veda. Sage Kasyapa and Goddess Aditi are the parents of Lord Indra. He is the great grandson of Lord Brahma (the creator). Lord Indra is strongest among all beings and greatest of all warriors who provide protect to Gods and mankind against the evil forces.

   According to the Hindu mythology he is ruler of heaven. White colored elephant called Eravat, the Vahana (Vehicle) of Lord Indra, and 'Vajra' or thunderbolt his chief weapon. Lord Indra also has a bow, a hook and a net in the fight. It is said that Lord Indra has the authority to invoke rain. So Lord Indra is usual pray for rain on hot dry spell. Lord Indra is said to be the God of war, storms and thunder.

 Indra, undoubtedly, is the chief deity in the Rgveda. Almost a quarter of its hymns, is devoted to praising him. He is the most important deity in the sky. Armed with the thunderbolt (Vajrayudha) and riding in a chariot whose speed exceeds that of the mind, he travels everywhere.

His valour is awe-inspiring. His exploits are many. He killed the demon Vrtra and released the waters imprisoned by him. He clipped the wings of the mighty mountains and made them behave. He recovered the cows of the gods that had been abducted by the demons. He is fond of Soma-drink. Being a war-lord, he became a symbol of the royal power. Hence warriors worshipped him before going to the battle-field.

Indra has often been equated with the Supreme God. His love and affection for his devotees has been eulogized. Scholars opine that Indra may: just represent the natural phenomenon of rain being released from the dark clouds as a result of being "bombarded by lightning and thunder"!

> Indra's prestige gradually declined and he was relegated to a secondary place by the Pural).as, retaining however, his place as the king of gods.

> In some of the temple sculptures, Indra is depicted in a human form with four arms, riding the celestial elephant Airavata.

Rudra and Rudras: Rudra is the god who howls or roars. He is terrible. He is tall and well-built. He has a long braided hair. His body is brilliant and its colour merges with the colour of the gold ornaments he wears. He wields the thunderbolt, bow and arrow. He is the god of storms. Though he looks fierce and is armed with terrible weapons, he is always benevolent and merciful to humanity. He is the protector, the kind and loving father, protecting humanity against its enemies. He is extraordinarily intelligent and wise. He is an excellent physician. He has thousands of medicines with him which can cure all the diseases of Humanity.
Rudra has sometimes been identified with Agni. He has also been described as the father of the Maruts, another class of Vedic deities. Some of the names like Siva, Kapardin, Mahadeva and so on, which have been used in the later mythological literature as epithets of Siva have been used in the Rgveda also.

It is very difficult to say exactly which aspects of nature Rudra represents.
Sometimes a group of minor deities called the Rudras is also mentioned. They are eleven in number. They are actually the principles of life (PraI:1as), the ten vital breaths and the mind.

Rudras are also mentioned as eight in number and the eight names-Bhava, Sarva, Isana, Pasupati, Bhlma, Ugra, Mahadeva along with Rudra-represent the eight aspects of Rudra-Siva in later literature.


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Prof: Koti Madhav Balu Chowdary

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